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- The wikicities username of Robert Parr is Parrwiltt.
- This article is the second in a series of articles called "Reading the Philosophical Investigations: a Commentary and Aid". The first article in this series is "Before reading the Philosophical Investigations: a Necessary Context".
Wittgenstein counters the most common and usually unspoken theory of language ("individual words in language name objects---sentences are combination of such name----In this picture of language we find the roots of the following idea: every word has a meaning. This meaning is correlated with the word. It is the object for which the word stands."). He does not propose another theory: he looks at the actual way language is used. He uses descriptions, not explanations and simple, made up languages to point out why the common theory is completely implausable. He is a patient teacher, using simple methods and repetition to disabuse deeply ingrained "tendencies to misunderstand" At no. 65 to 67 he puts forth a new idea of meanings of words that have "family resemblances" instead of "something they all have in common" an essence or a abstraction. Meaning as family resemblances shows that clear and distinct boundaries are the exception and not the rule. (67 to 80)